What is Theory of Relativity in simple words?
What is general relativity? Essentially, it’s a theory of gravity. The basic idea is that instead of being an invisible force that attracts objects to one another, gravity is a curving or warping of space. The more massive an object, the more it warps the space around it.
How do you calculate E mc2?
To convert from g to kg, for example, divide by 1,000. Square the speed of light. The speed of light is approximately, 300,000,000 m per second; (300,000,000 m/s)^2 equals 90,000,000,000,000,000 meters squared per second squared, or 9 x 10^16 m^2/s^2. Multiply the result by the mass of the object in kilograms.
What is the meaning of the formula E mc2?
E = mc2. It’s the world’s most famous equation, but what does it really mean? “Energy equals mass times the speed of light squared.” On the most basic level, the equation says that energy and mass (matter) are interchangeable; they are different forms of the same thing.
How is e mc2 used today?
When you drive your car, E = mc2 is at work. As the engine burns gasoline to produce energy in the form of motion, it does so by converting some of the gasoline’s mass into energy, in accord with Einstein’s formula. When you use your MP3 player, E = mc2 is at work.
What did Einstein mean by time is relative?
In the Special Theory of Relativity, Einstein determined that time is relative–in other words, the rate at which time passes depends on your frame of reference. The faster a clock moves, the slower time passes according to someone in a different frame of reference.
Is Theory of Relativity proven?
Relativity is a falsifiable theory: It makes predictions that can be tested by experiment. The predictions of special relativity have been confirmed in numerous tests since Einstein published his paper in 1905, but three experiments conducted between 1881 and 1938 were critical to its validation.
What are the units of E mc2?
Each of the letters of E = mc 2 stands for a particular physical quantity. Writing them out in full we get: In other words: E = energy (measured in joules, J) m = mass (measured in kilograms, kg) c = the speed of light (measured in metres per second, ms -1 ), but this needs to be “squared”.
Why is C the speed of light?
The Long Answer. In 1992 Scott Chase wrote on sci. physics that “anyone who read hundreds of books by Isaac Asimov knows that the Latin word for `speed’ is `celeritas’, hence the symbol `c’ for the speed of light”.
Why is C Squared?
Equivalent units are energy in joules, per mass in kilograms and c in terms of meters/sec. Just because there is a c in the formula for rest mass energy does not mean that the particle has that speed. It turns out that the speed of light squared, c 2 , just so happens to be the conversion factor from mass to energy.
Why is E mc2 wrong?
Einstein’s Second Mistake with E=MC. Einstein’s second mistake with his equation was in his failure to realize that the primary meaning of E=MC2is that it defines the mass of the photon as the truest measure of mass. Mass has energy that can be measured and energy has mass that can be weighed.
How do you explain E mc2 to a child?
In other words, it states that the amount of mass you want to reach the speed of light determines the energy needed to do that. The part that says E=M means that energy and mass can be converted into each other. So the amount of mass determines how much energy that object has.
What is the law of relativity?
In 1905, Albert Einstein determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and that the speed of light in a vacuum was independent of the motion of all observers. This was the theory of special relativity.
Who came up with E mc2?
What are some applications of E mc2?
PET scans and similar diagnostics used in hospitals, for example, make use of E = mc2. “Whenever you use a radioactive substance to illuminate processes in the human body, you’re paying direct homage to Einstein’s insight,” says Sylvester James Gates, a physicist at the University of Maryland.