Standard model equation

What is the Standard Model in physics?

The Standard Model of particle physics is the theory describing three of the four known fundamental forces (the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions, and not including the gravitational force) in the universe, as well as classifying all known elementary particles.

What is the standard model Lagrangian?

The Standard Model of particle physics is one of the most successful theories about how our Universe works, and describes the fundamental interactions between elementary particles. It is encoded in a compact description, the so-called ‘Lagrangian’, which even fits on t-shirts and coffee mugs.

What are the 17 particles of the standard model?

In summary, the Standard Model consists of 17 particles. Twelve of the 17 fundamental matter-particles are fermions: 6 quarks and 6 leptons.A Simplified Summary.

FORCEWeak nuclear
PARTICLE /QUANTUMW+,W & Z bosons
RELATIVE STRENGTH105
MASS (GeV)80-90
RANGE (meters)1017

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Is the Standard Model correct?

The Standard Model is a thing of beauty. It is the most rigorous theory of particle physics, incredibly precise and accurate in its predictions. Despite its great predictive power, however, the Standard Model fails to answer five crucial questions, which is why particle physicists know their work is far from done.

What are the 4 fundamental forces?

The Four Fundamental Forces of NatureGravity.The weak force.Electromagnetism.The strong force.

What is the standard model of the universe?

The Standard Model is a theory in particle physics which addresses three of the four known forces in Nature: electromagnetic force, weak nuclear force, and the strong nuclear force. The current formulation was finalized in the mid-1970s. The Standard Model is based on symmetry principles, such as rotation.

What does the standard model not explain?

The Standard Model is inherently an incomplete theory. There are fundamental physical phenomena in nature that the Standard Model does not adequately explain: Gravity. Yet, the Standard Model does not supply any fundamental particles that are good dark matter candidates.

Is gravity a wave or particle?

Gravity is a force. For all other forces that we are aware of (electromagnetic force, weak decay force, strong nuclear force) we have identified particles that transmit the forces at a quantum level. In quantum theory, each particle acts both as a particle AND a wave. This is called duality.

What are the 12 fundamental particles?

The 12 elementary particles of matter are six quarks (up, charm, top, Down, Strange, Bottom) 3 electrons (electron, muon, tau) and three neutrinos (e, muon, tau). Four of these elementary particles would suffice in principle to build the world around us: the up and down quarks, the electron and the electron neutrino.

Why does light have no mass?

Light is composed of photons, which have no mass, so therefore light has no mass and can’t weigh anything. Because photons have energy — and, as Einstein taught us, energy is equal to the mass of a body, multiplied by the speed of light squared.

What are the 5 forces of nature?

They are in no particular order gravity, electromagnetism, the weak nuclear force and the strong nuclear force.

Is dark matter faster than light?

This mysterious energy makes up 80 percent of all matter in the universe. In a 2013 study, scientists determined that dark matter should have a speed of 54 meters per second, or 177 feet — slow compared to the speed of light [source: Armendariz-Picon and Neelakanta].

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