What is the reaction of ammonia?
Chemical reactivity of ammonia 4NH3 + 3O2 + heat → 2N2 + 6H2O However, with the use of a catalyst and under the correct conditions of temperature, ammonia reacts with oxygen to produce nitric oxide, NO, which is oxidized to nitrogen dioxide, NO2, and is used in the industrial synthesis of nitric acid.
What is the balanced equation for nh3?
N2 + H2 = NH3 – Chemical Equation Balancer.
How does ammonia dissociate?
In aqueous solution, ammonia acts as a base, acquiring hydrogen ions from H2O to yield ammonium and hydroxide ions. In contrast, the ammonium ion acts as a weak acid in aqueous solution because it dissociates to form hydrogen ion and ammonia.
Can ammonia kill you?
Anhydrous ammonia is compressed into a clear colorless liquid when used as fertilizer. If you inhale it and it gets in your windpipe and your lungs it will cause burns there that’s what will usually kill you – if you inhale concentrated ammonia gas,” said Nebraska Regional Poison Center’s Ron Kirschner.
Is ammonia acidic or basic?
Ammonia is moderately basic; a 1.0 M aqueous solution has a pH of 11.6, and if a strong acid is added to such a solution until the solution is neutral (pH = 7), 99.4% of the ammonia molecules are protonated. Temperature and salinity also affect the proportion of NH4+.
What is a ammonia?
Ammonia, also known as NH3, is a waste product made by your body during the digestion of protein. Normally, ammonia is processed in the liver, where it is changed into another waste product called urea. Urea is passed through the body in urine.
Where is ammonia used?
About 80% of the ammonia produced by industry is used in agriculture as fertilizer. Ammonia is also used as a refrigerant gas, for purification of water supplies, and in the manufacture of plastics, explosives, textiles, pesticides, dyes and other chemicals.
How do you get nh3?
Add a catalyst such as ferric oxide and exactly enough air to the hydrogen gas to provide one nitrogen atom for every three hydrogen atoms. Subject this gas mixture to very high pressure to produce ammonia according to the following reaction: 3 H2 + N2 –> 2 NH3.
What are the products when ammonia reacts with water?
Ammonia (NH3) reacts with water to make a clear solution of ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH), or household ammonia.
Can you add water to ammonia?
Large volumes of water dilute ammonia, but form highly corrosive ammonia hydroxide solution. Avoid using water unless absolutely necessary to protect life (evacuation or rescue). NEVER put water on ammonia liquid or an aerosol stream or aerosol dense gas cloud.
Why is ammonia a weak base?
Ammonia is a typical weak base. Ammonia itself obviously doesn’t contain hydroxide ions, but it reacts with water to produce ammonium ions and hydroxide ions. Only about 1% has actually produced hydroxide ions. A weak base is one which doesn’t convert fully into hydroxide ions in solution.
Does ammonia kill brain cells?
Ammonia adversely affects both neurons and astrocytes. Because the enzyme that eliminates ammonia in the brain is present only in astrocytes, neurons are virtually defenseless against increased ammonia concentrations and therefore are likely to suffer ammonia–related damage.
Can smelling ammonia hurt you?
If breathed in, ammonia can irritate the respiratory tract and can cause coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. Inhalation of ammonia can also cause nose and throat irritation. People can smell the pungent odor of ammonia in air at about 5 parts of ammonia in a million parts of air (ppm).