Surface tension equation
How is surface tension calculated?
Surface tension is given by the equation S = (ρhga/2) where S is the surface tension, ρ (or rho) is the density of the liquid you are measuring, h is the height the liquid rises in the tube, g is the acceleration due to gravity acting on the liquid (9.8 m/s2) and a is the radius of the capillary tube.
What is surface tension and its SI unit?
The SI unit of Surface Tension is Newton per Meter or N/m.
What is surface tension in chemistry?
Surface tension is a fundamental property of the surface of liquid. Surface tension is responsible for the curvature of the surfaces of air and liquids. Surface tension is responsible for the ability of some solid objects to “float” on the surface of a liquid.
Is surface tension a force?
Surface tension depends mainly upon the forces of attraction between the particles within the given liquid and also upon the gas, solid, or liquid in contact with it. The molecules in a drop of water, for example, attract each other weakly.
What is 11th surface tension?
Surface tension is the property of any liquid by virtue of which tries to minimize its free surface area. Surface tension of a liquid is measured as the force acting per length on an imaginary line drawn tangentially on the free surface the liquid. Surface tension S = Force/Length = F/l = Work done/Change in area.
What factors affect surface tension?
Surface tension is caused by the effects of intermolecular forces at the interface. Surface tension depends on the nature of the liquid, the surrounding environment and temperature. Liquids where molecules have large attractive intermolecular force will have a large surface tension.
What is the SI unit of viscosity?
What is the SI unit of tension force?
In physics, tension, as a transmitted force, as an action-reaction pair of forces, or as a restoring force, may be a force and has the units of force measured in newtons (or sometimes pounds-force).
What is surface tension for kids?
Surface tension is an effect where the surface of a liquid is strong. This property is caused by the molecules in the liquid being attracted to each other (cohesion), and is responsible for many of the behaviors of liquids. Surface tension has the dimension of force per unit length, or of energy per unit area.
What can reduce surface tension?
Surfactants are capable to reduce surface tension drastically. Foam bubbles separating from bulk water is the shining example. Surfactants not only reduce surface tention, but induce disjoinng pressure between the surfaces, keeping either foam or a colloidal sytem stable.
What liquids have the strongest surface tension?
Besides mercury, water has the highest surface tension for all liquids, which is due to the hydrogen bonding in water molecules. The surface tension of water causes water molecules at the surface of the liquid (in contact with air) to hold closely together, forming an invisible film.
What causes surface tension chemistry?
The water molecules attract one another due to the water’s polar property. The hydrogen ends, which are positive in comparison to the negative ends of the oxygen cause water to “stick” together. This is why there is surface tension and takes a certain amount of energy to break these intermolecular bonds.
Why does soap break surface tension?
Soap molecules are composed of long chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms. This separates the water molecules from each other. Since the surface tension forces become smaller as the distance between water molecules increases, the intervening soap molecules decrease the surface tension.
Does oil have surface tension?
Water has a high surface tension (72 dynes/cm). Oil differs from water in many respects, the most important of which is surface tension. Oil has a surface tension of 30–35 dynes/cm, meaning that oil-soluble fatty surfactants do not provide the desired surface tension reduction for oils.