Specific heat capacity equation

What is specific heat capacity GCSE?

The specific heat capacity of a material is the energy required to raise one kilogram (kg) of the material by one degree Celsius (°C). The specific heat capacity of water is 4,200 Joules per kilogram per degree Celsius (J/kg°C). This means that it takes 4,200 J to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water by 1°C.

What is Q MCP ∆ T?

Q = mc∆T. Q = heat energy (Joules, J) m = mass of a substance (kg) c = specific heat (units J/kg∙K)

What is specific heat capacity?

Specific heat capacity is defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of a substance by 1 kelvin (SI unit of specific heat capacity J kg−1 K−1).

What is heat capacity vs specific heat?

Molar heat capacity is a measure of the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of one mole of a pure substance by one degree K. Specific heat capacity is a measure of the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of one gram of a pure substance by one degree K.

Why is CP is greater than CV?

The heat capacity at constant pressure CP is greater than the heat capacity at constant volume CV , because when heat is added at constant pressure, the substance expands and work.

What causes specific heat capacity?

Water’s high heat capacity is a property caused by hydrogen bonding among water molecules. Specific heat is defined as the amount of heat one gram of a substance must absorb or lose to change its temperature by one degree Celsius. For water, this amount is one calorie, or 4.184 Joules.

What is specific heat capacity of water?

Precisely, water has to absorb 4,184 Joules of heat (1 calorie) for the temperature of one kilogram of water to increase 1°C. For comparison sake, it only takes 385 Joules of heat to raise 1 kilogram of copper 1°C.

Why does lead heat up faster than Aluminium?

Lead atoms are heavier than aluminum atoms, which means that a given mass of lead contains fewer atoms than the same mass of aluminum. Since the heat required to raise the temperature depends on the number of atoms, it takes less heat to raise the temperature of the lead than the temperature of the aluminum.

What is CP equal to?

Cp is an amount of heat required to raise temperatire of an unit mass (1kg) by 1 degree Celsius when the system is at constant pressure. And Cv is an amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a unit mass by 1 degree Celsius when the volume of the system is constant.

What is h in heat transfer?

where: q: heat flux, W/m2; i.e., thermal power per unit area, q = d /dA h: heat transfer coefficient, W/(m2•K) ΔT: difference in temperature between the solid surface and surrounding fluid area, K. It is used in calculating the heat transfer, typically by convection or phase transition between a fluid and a solid.

What is heat transfer formula?

Heat transferred from one system to another system is given by the following equation, Q = m × c × Δ T Q=m times c times Delta T Q=m×c×ΔT.

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