What is transmissivity of an aquifer?
Transmissivity describes the ability of the aquifer to transmit groundwater throughout its entire saturated thickness (Figure 7). Transmissivity is measured as the rate at which groundwater can flow through an aquifer section of unit width under a unit hydraulic gradient.
What is the unit of transmissivity?
transmissivity (T) The rate at which groundwater is transmitted through a unit width of an aquifer under a unit hydraulic gradient. It is often expressed as the product of the hydraulic conductivity and the full saturated thickness of the aquifer and has units of the form m 3/day/m.
What is the difference between hydraulic conductivity and transmissivity?
Hydraulic conductivity is the rate of flow under a unit hydraulic gradient through a unit cross-sectional area of aquifer (opening A). Transmissivity is the rate of flow under a unit hydraulic gradient through a unit width of aquifer of thickness m (opening B).
What is the Thiem equation?
The Thiem equation requires, apart from the pumping rate, which is assumed to be constant, only the measurement of the head (usually from drawdown measurements) at steady state in two observations wells, located at different distances from the well.
What is K in Darcy’s law?
K = Hydraulic conductivity in units of length per unit time (L/T) i = Hydraulic gradient in units of length per length (L/L) A = Cross sectional area in units of length squared (L2) The experiment that Darcy performed is simi- lar to what is shown in the adjacent figure.
What does transmissivity mean?
Transmissivity is the rate at which water passes through a unit width of the aquifer under a unit hydraulic gradient.
What is aquifer thickness?
Definition: Saturated thickness is the vertical thickness of the hydrogeologically defined aquifer in which the pore spaces of the rock forming the aquifer are filled (saturated) with water.
What is unconfined aquifer?
A confined aquifer is an aquifer below the land surface that is saturated with water. A water-table–or unconfined–aquifer is an aquifer whose upper water surface (water table) is at atmospheric pressure, and thus is able to rise and fall.
What is transmissivity in heat transfer?
The transmissivity material property defines the level of transparency of a solid object. Radiative heat transfer through a transparent solid object that is completely surrounded by fluid can be simulated by assigning a non-zero transmissivity property to the material.
Which material has highest hydraulic conductivity?
Relative properties Because of their high porosity and permeability, sand and gravel aquifers have higher hydraulic conductivity than clay or unfractured granite aquifers.
What aquifer means?
Aquifer House. An aquifer is a body of rock and/or sediment that holds groundwater. Groundwater is the word used to describe precipitation that has infiltrated the soil beyond the surface and collected in empty spaces underground. There are two general types of aquifers: confined and unconfined.
What is a high hydraulic conductivity?
DEFINITIONS OF HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY In theoretical terms, hydraulic conductivity is a measure of how easily water can pass through soil or rock: high values indicate permeable material through which water can pass easily; low values indicate that the material is less permeable.
What is Dupuit equation?
Dupuit equation with recharge becomes. h2 = h2 + (hL2 – h2) + W(x – L/2) If W = 0, this equation will reduce to the parabolic.
What is a pumping test?
A pumping test consists of pumping groundwater from a well, usually at a constant rate, and measuring the change in water level (drawdown) in the pumping well and any nearby wells (observation wells) or surface water bodies during and after pumping (see Figure 1).