Light reaction equation
What are the 6 steps of light reactions?
Terms in this set (6)Sunlight strikes the chlorophyll molecules in the thylakoid membranes.Light energy is transferred to the chlorophyll’s electrons.The electrons pass from the chlorophyll to an electron transport chain.The energy lost by electrons as they pass through the electron transport chain is used to make ATP.
What are the 3 products of light dependent reactions?
The products of the light-dependent reactions, ATP and NADPH, have lifespans in the range of millionths of seconds, whereas the products of the light-independent reactions (carbohydrates and other forms of reduced carbon) can survive for hundreds of millions of years.
What are the steps in light reaction of photosynthesis?
These reactions occur within specialised membrane discs within the chloroplast called thylakoids and involve three steps: Excitation of photosystems by light energy. Production of ATP via an electron transport chain. Reduction of NADP+ and the photolysis of water.
What are the 7 steps of light dependent reactions?
Terms in this set (7)(1st Time) Energy is absorbed from the sun.Water is broken down.Hydrogen ions are transported across the thylakoid membrane.(2nd Time) Energy is absorbed from the sun.NADPH is produced from NADP+.Hydrogen ions diffuse through the protein channel.ADP becomes ATP.
What is needed for light reactions?
The energy of light captured by pigment molecules, called chlorophylls, in chloroplasts is used to generate high-energy electrons with great reducing potential. These electrons are used to produce NADPH as well as ATP in a series of reactions called the light reactions because they require light.
Where do light reactions occur?
The light reaction takes place in the thylakoid discs. There, water (H20) is oxidized, and oxygen (O2) is released. The electrons freed up from water are transfered to ATP and NADPH. The dark reaction occurs outside of the thylakoids.
What are the 4 steps of light reactions?
Here are the basic steps:Light absorption in PSII. When light is absorbed by one of the many pigments in photosystem II, energy is passed inward from pigment to pigment until it reaches the reaction center. ATP synthesis. Light absorption in PSI. NADPH formation.
What are light reactions?
Definition. noun. The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments (such as chlorophyll) to be converted into chemical energy in the form of ATP and NADPH.
Does light dependent reaction produce oxygen?
In the light-dependent reactions, which take place at the thylakoid membrane, chlorophyll absorbs energy from sunlight and then converts it into chemical energy with the use of water. The light-dependent reactions release oxygen as a byproduct as water is broken apart.
How many ATP are formed in light reaction?
The light-dependent reactions convert light energy into chemical energy, producing ATP and NADPH. 5. The light-dependent reactions can be summarized as follows: 12 H2O + 12 NADP+ + 18 ADP + 18 Pi + light and chlorophyll yields 6 O2 + 12 NADPH + 18 ATP.
What is the difference between light and dark reaction?
The main difference between light and dark reaction is that light reaction is the first stage of photosynthesis, which traps light energy in order to produce ATP and NADPH whereas dark reaction is the second stage of photosynthesis, which produces glucose by using the energy form ATP and NADPH produced from the light
What is the first step of the light reaction?
The overall function of light-dependent reactions, the first stage of photosynthesis, is to convert solar energy into chemical energy in the form of NADPH and ATP, which are used in light-independent reactions and fuel the assembly of sugar molecules.
What are the 4 steps of the Calvin cycle?
The Calvin cycle has four main steps: carbon fixation, reduction phase, carbohydrate formation, and regeneration phase. Energy to fuel chemical reactions in this sugar-generating process is provided by ATP and NADPH, chemical compounds which contain the energy plants have captured from sunlight.
What is a photolysis?
Photolysis (also called photodissociation and photodecomposition) is a chemical reaction in which an inorganic chemical (or an organic chemical) is broken down by photons and is the interaction of one or more photons with one target molecule.